Adult Horses (900-1,100 lbs):
Provide 1 serving (30 ml) twice daily, repeat as needed
Glycine is one of the non-essential amino acids and is used to help create muscle tissue and convert glucose into energy. It is one of the simplest amino acids and is classified as nonessential because it does not need to be supplied in the diet. However, this compact substance plays many essential roles in the body. Glycine makes up 35% of the protein collagen, is a key component in many metabolic reactions, and has a modulating effect on the immune system. Recently, it has been shown to inhibit gastric secretions and protect gastric mucosa against chemical and stress-induced lesions.
Sodium is critical for normal nerve and muscle function, as well as transport of many substances (such as glucose) across cell membranes. The two elements (sodium and chloride) are responsible for the regulation of all the horse’s body fluids, as well as the conduction of electrical impulses in nerves and muscles, and they are the most important of the minerals known as electrolytes (minerals which are lost in the sweat and urine during exercise stress). There is very little sodium in forages and grains, so it must be supplied separately.
Salt (also known as sodium chloride or NaCl) plays an important role in normal nerve and muscle function and can help encourage your horse to drink, making it critical for his well-being. Adult horses in no work need at least one ounce of salt per day, and that need goes up with exercise and warm weather. If your horse’s daily requirements for salt aren’t met, he may not be in optimal health nor able to perform at his best.
Magnesium is a vital macromineral, and it is becoming increasingly recommended by veterinarians for various treatments in the horse. Within the muscle calcium and magnesium work antagonistically, calcium causing muscle contraction and magnesium inducing relaxation.
Calcium is a micromineral found in highest amounts in bone and teeth. However, it also has important roles in muscle contraction, cell membranes, blood clotting, enzymes regulation, and hormone release. Absorption of calcium from the small intestine is controlled by vitamin D but can be reduced if there is too much phosphorus in the diet. Ideally, horses should receive slightly more calcium than phosphorus – a ratio between 1:1 and 2:1 is probably best. Pregnant and lactating mares, growing horses, and exercising horses may need more dietary calcium than an adult horse at rest.
Potassium is a macromineral commonly referred to as an electrolyte because it helps maintain the body’s acid/base balance and hydration status. One of potassium’s major roles is to keep the sensitivity of nerves and muscles at normal levels, not under or over reactive to impulses telling them to contract. This includes both skeletal and heart muscles. It is one of the most important minerals throughout the body. Fortunately, most horses receive all the Potassium they need from their forage. The amount of Potassium in the diet of HYPP
Probiotics are live microorganisms fed to promote healthy digestive and immune function. When these “good” bugs break down food ingredients that the body normally can’t, they produce energy and vitamins for the body, food for cells in the cecum and colon, and byproducts that keep the “bad” bugs from growing. Research suggests probiotics are useful in repopulating the intestine with “good” bugs after antibiotic use and may benefit certain horses with diarrhea. A common term used for probiotics is direct-fed microbials (DFM).
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