(Enclosed measure approximates 1 oz based on density of product.)
Adult Horses (900-1,100 lbs): Feed 1/2 – 1 ounce twice daily as a top dress on feed and/or mix in water. Provide ample water at all times.
Sodium is critical for normal nerve and muscle function, as well as transport of many substances (such as glucose) across cell membranes. The two elements (sodium and chloride) are responsible for the regulation of all the horse’s body fluids, as well as the conduction of electrical impulses in nerves and muscles, and they are the most important of the minerals known as electrolytes (minerals which are lost in the sweat and urine during exercise stress). There is very little sodium in forages and grains, so it must be supplied separately.
Salt (also known as sodium chloride or NaCl) plays an important role in normal nerve and muscle function and can help encourage your horse to drink, making it critical for his well-being. Adult horses in no work need at least one ounce of salt per day, and that need goes up with exercise and warm weather. If your horse’s daily requirements for salt aren’t met, he may not be in optimal health nor able to perform at his best.
Magnesium is a vital macromineral, and it is becoming increasingly recommended by veterinarians for various treatments in the horse. Within the muscle calcium and magnesium work antagonistically, calcium causing muscle contraction and magnesium inducing relaxation.
Calcium is a micromineral found in highest amounts in bone and teeth. However, it also has important roles in muscle contraction, cell membranes, blood clotting, enzymes regulation, and hormone release. Absorption of calcium from the small intestine is controlled by vitamin D but can be reduced if there is too much phosphorus in the diet. Ideally, horses should receive slightly more calcium than phosphorus – a ratio between 1:1 and 2:1 is probably best. Pregnant and lactating mares, growing horses, and exercising horses may need more dietary calcium than an adult horse at rest.
Potassium is a macromineral commonly referred to as an electrolyte because it helps maintain the body’s acid/base balance and hydration status. One of potassium’s major roles is to keep the sensitivity of nerves and muscles at normal levels, not under or over reactive to impulses telling them to contract. This includes both skeletal and heart muscles. It is one of the most important minerals throughout the body. Fortunately, most horses receive all the Potassium they need from their forage. The amount of Potassium in the diet of HYPP
Zinc is a micromineral involved in over 100 enzyme systems ranging from connective tissue formation and antioxidant protection to carbohydrate metabolism and immune system function. It is most recognized for its role in healthy skin and hooves and supplementation should be considered because amounts in normal feedstuffs may not meet requirements and toxicity has not been reported.
Manganese is a micromineral essential for bone formation, growth and reproduction. It is also essential in carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Supplementation should be considered because not all diets provide the same levels of manganese. It is among the least toxic of the trace minerals, and it plays an important role in young growing horses as well as active performance horses.
Copper is a micromineral required for production of normal connective tissues including tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone. As a component of many enzyme systems, it is also involved in making iron available to the body for blood, in producing skin and coat pigments, in proper nerve signaling and in repairing antioxidants. Low Copper levels in mares and foals have been implicated in developmental orthopedic disease (DOD) including osteochondrosis (OCD).
Cobalt is a micromineral used by intestinal microorganisms to produce vitamin B12, which works with iron and copper to form healthy red blood cells. It is of minor interest because this is its only role in the body, no known cases of deficiency or toxicity have been reported, and horses take in all the cobalt they need from their normal diets.
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