DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
(Enclosed measure approximates 3 oz based on density of product.)
Adult Horses (900-1,100 lbs): Provide 3 oz twice daily for the first 21-28 days, then reduce to 3 oz daily for maintenance.
Glucosamine is the building block of chondroitin sulfate, a specific type of polysulfated glycosaminoglycan (GAG). Current research suggests glucosamine has two beneficial actions in joints. Not only does it increase the production of new GAGs and therefore new cartilage, glucosamine has also been shown to inhibit the free radicals and enzymes that break down cartilage. This small but complex molecule has an important role in both the production and protection of joints.
Hyaluronic Acid (HA) Nourishes cartilage and joint fluid, providing both lubrication and shock absorption. Hyaluronic acid is what makes joint fluid “sticky” because it is known to protect cells in the joint, HA is especially useful during periods of high-level joint stress.
Chondroitin Sulfate inhibits the effects of various enzymes that breakdown cartilage. Building block of Hyaluronic acid (HA). Research has shown that chondroitin sulfate is bioavailable in the horse and that it appears to work synergistically with glucosamine to stimulate new cartilage production.
MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) Assists body to produce its own internal antioxidants which helps support normal inflammatory response by providing protection against oxidative stress. It is a great source of dietary sulfur, which plays an important role in maintaining the health of collagen, cartilage, hooves, hair and joint fluid.
Yucca is an herb native to North and Central America used by ancient and modern civilizations to address musculoskeletal discomfort. Active ingredients have been isolated from Yucca that have shown to have antioxidant properties and promote a normal inflammatory response.
Biotin is a member of the B vitamin family and, like some other vitamins, is a coenzyme for several metabolic pathways. It is involved in glucose metabolism, growth and utilization of niacin. Biotin is essential to the growth of strong, healthy hooves due to its role in collagen formation. A number of research studies show that longterm, daily supplementation of 10-30 mg of biotin daily improves the growth rate and hardness of hooves, especially in horses with less than optimum quality hoof horn (soft, brittle, chipped).
Ester-C® (calcium ascorbate) is a unique patented ascorbate complex bound with calcium carbonate. Ester- C® is naturally processed in purified water without the use of alcohol or acetone solvents. This makes Ester-C® a more readily available, readily absorbed form of vitamin C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect the tissues of the body and also important in the production of connective tissues like tendons and ligaments. Ester-C® has up to 4X more metabolic activity than standard vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
Linolenic Acid (Omega-3) are essential fatty acids and must be obtained from the diet in order for
the body to function well. Omega-3s help support a normal inflammatory response throughout the body.
There must be a balance between the omega-3s and omega-6s for a proper but not excessive
Linolenic Acid (Omega-6) There must be a
balance between omega-3s and omega-6s for a proper but not excessive inflammatory response.
Methionine is an essential amino acid, meaning it must be provided in the diet since the body cannot create enough of its own. This means if it is not present in adequate amounts it limits the body’s ability to make protein.Methionine can be converted by the body into another sulfur-containing amino acid, cysteine. Because the concentration of both these amino acids is highest in hoof and hair, methionine especially is often included in hoof supplements.
Lysine is an amino acid and the only one for which a requirement in the horse has been established by the NRC. It is an essential amino acid, meaning it must be provided in the diet since the body cannot create enough of its own. Lysine is also a limiting amino acid. This means if it is not present in adequate amounts it limits the body’s ability to make protein. Lysine is important in the formation of collagen (the protein that forms the matrix of bone, cartilage and connective tissue). Lysine supplements enhance the intestinal absorption of calcium and reduce the excretion of calcium in the urine. Lysine deficiency may result in immunodeficiency. Lysine can help inhibit the multiplication of virus and may prevent or decrease the severity of any viral flare-up.
Zinc (Zn) is a micromineral involved in over 100 enzyme systems ranging from support of connective tissue formation and antioxidants
to carbohydrate metabolism and immune system function. It is most recognized for its role in healthy skin
and hooves. Supplementation should be considered because amounts in normal feedstuffs may not meet requirements.
Manganese (Mn) is a micromineral essential for bone formation, growth and reproduction. It is also essential in carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Supplementation should be considered because not all diets provide the same levels of manganese. It is among the least toxic of the trace minerals, and it plays an important role in young, growing horses as well as active performance horses.
The Vitamin B family is made up of several compounds that serve many important roles in the body: protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism; energy production; proper nerve cell transmission; and cell reproduction and division (especially rapidly dividing ones such as red blood cells). B vitamins include thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), and cyanocobalamin (B12). For most of the B vitamins, microorganisms in the large intestine make all the horse needs. Only thiamine and riboflavin have NRC dietary requirements. However, research suggests B vitamin supplementation may be beneficial to stabled horses with little access to fresh pasture, heavily exercising horses, pregnant and lactating mares, horses with GI conditions that may interfere with normal gut flora, and any periods of stress (injury, illness, shipping, old age, etc.).
Probiotics are live microorganisms fed to promote healthy digestive and immune function. When these “good” bugs break down food ingredients that the body normally can’t. They produce energy and vitamins for the body, food for cells in the cecum and colon, and byproducts that keep the “bad” bugs from growing. Research suggests probiotics are useful in repopulating the intestine with “good” bugs after antibiotic use and may benefit certain horses with diarrhea. A common term used for probiotics is direct-fed microbials (DFM).